AskDefine | Define singers

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. Plural of singer


Extensive Definition

A singer is a person who uses his or her voice to produce music. Often the singer is accompanied by musicians and instruments. While many people sing for pleasure, vocal skill is usually a combination of innate talent and professional training. People who fit the above requirements are referred to as vocalists.
A lead singer performs the primary vocals of a song, as opposed to a backing singer who sings backup vocals or harmonies. An exception is five-part gospel a cappella music, where the lead is the highest of the five voices and sings a descant, and not the melody.
Professional singers usually undergo voice training, provided by a voice teacher or coach.

Human voice

In European classical music and opera, voices are treated like musical instruments. Composers who write vocal music must have an understanding of the skills, talents, and vocal properties of singers.
Singers usually build their careers around certain musical styles. Voice classification systems have evolved to classify singers by tessitura, vocal weight and timbre. Choral singers are classified by vocal range (see also musical range). Other categories are soubrette, heldentenor, coloratura, and basso buffo.
There are also categories for men capable of singing in the female range. This type of voice is rare, but is still used in opera. In Baroque music, many roles were written for castrati, male singers who were castrated as boys to prevent their voices from changing. A male with this kind of singing voice may be a countertenor (suitable for Castrato Alto roles) or a sopranist (suitable for Castrato Soprano roles).
Singers are also classified by the style of music they sing, such as soul singers or carnatic vocalists.

Lead and backing vocalists

In many modern musical groups, there is one singer that is singing the main parts (the lead vocalist) and one or more to perform backing vocals. Backing vocalists sing some, but usually not all, parts of the song. They often provide a harmony to the lead, or just sing along in the refrain or hum in the background.
singers in Arabic: مغني
singers in Catalan: Cantant
singers in Czech: Zpěvák
singers in Danish: Sanger
singers in Spanish: Cantante
singers in Estonian: Laulja
singers in Esperanto: Kantisto
singers in Persian: خواننده
singers in French: Chanteur
singers in Galician: Cantante
singers in Korean: 가수
singers in Hindi: गायक
singers in Indonesian: Penyanyi
singers in Italian: Cantante
singers in Hebrew: זמר
singers in Malay (macrolanguage): Penyanyi
singers in Dutch: Zanger
singers in Japanese: 歌手
singers in Polish: Pieśniarz
singers in Portuguese: Vocal
singers in Russian: Вокалист
singers in Simple English: Singer
singers in Slovenian: pevec
singers in Serbian: Певач
singers in Finnish: Laulaja
singers in Swedish: Sångare
singers in Thai: นักร้อง
singers in Vietnamese: Ca sĩ
singers in Turkish: Şarkı cı
singers in Ukrainian: Співак
singers in Walloon: Tchanteu
singers in Yiddish: זינגער
singers in Chinese: 歌手
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